The following are resolution that came up from the discussions which included presenters, panelists and the participants. Participants at the Waste Indaba made the following resolutions:
Exploring the different approaches to phasing out single use plastic bags: Ban or Levy
• The decision to ban or levy single use plastic bags should be informed by baseline assessments, must be specific and targeted towards transitioning to circular economy
• If considering ban of single use plastics, we must avail affordable environmentally friendly context informed alternatives including ban exemptions and guidelines on what should be exempted
• There is a need to improve enforcement of existing legislation
• Introduce supportive legislation such as the levying the use of virgin plastic materials.
Circular economy in waste management: Challenges and opportunities for Eswatini
• The leadership of the Government and a strong political will is fundamental in transitioning into a circular economy.
• Improving the governance and regulatory framework for waste management is a key enabler for transitioning into a circular economy. Introduce practical and policy changes can be made to ensure an inclusive circular economy that helps Eswatini to achieve SDGs 8, 11, and 12.
• Conduct legislative review to identify gaps and integrate circular economy.
• Integrate the informal waste sector into the formal economy including alignment with circular economy target.
• Support transition from linear to circular economic production models.
• Support sustainable land use planning including settlement that promote the adoption of the circular economy vision.
• Invest in science and technology (R&D) to maximise diversion of waste from landfill towards value-adding opportunities, including prevention of waste and the optimised extraction of value from reuse, recycling and recovery, in order to create significant economic, social and environmental benefit.
• Support the creation of market linkages in the waste value chains with supportive infrastructure e.g. buyback centres, drop-off centres for waste recycling.
• Strengthen capacity development of stakeholders in the waste value chains including promoting IEC and targeted behaviour change approaches.
• Promoting greater involvement of the private sector and communities through PPP models/approaches, infrastructural development and financial sustainability through soliciting for grant funding or loans from development financial partners e.g. AfDB, WB etc
• Committing to reduce waste by not less than 50% by 2050.
Promoting Innovation in Waste Management
• Adopt circular economy approach to support the country to achieve its climate action target as per the SDG 13.
• Support innovative approaches which eliminate human error such as smart bins, garbage weighing, solar-powered trash compactors, recycling apps etc.
• Create opportunities including supporting local communities in innovation in circular economy interventions.
• Adapt and promote environmental friendly appropriate technologies
• Promote knowledge management including sharing of best practices in innovative circular economy approaches.
• Commit to stakeholders engagement and ensuring we are leaving no one behind.
• Strengthen coordination and collaboration to increase access to waste by waste reclaimers for waste diversion.
• Commit to the fair application of the Extended Producer Responsibility and Polluter Pays Principle (PPP)
• Promote sustainable and responsible procurement
• Support circular economy funding mechanism in sustainable waste management
• Commit to the 4Es: Expose, Empower, Engage and Enable innovative solutions to transition to circular economy.