Why do we need the Ozone Layer?
Do you know that the ozone layer is a thin layer high in the atmosphere preventing the harmful rays of the sun from reaching the earth?
Because this layer has been damaged over the past 50 years, the harmfull rays of the sun can now reach us and can cause health problems including skin cancer, eye cataracts and affect our immune system.
Hence it is of utmost importance to protect the ozone layer.
Many ordinary commodities that industries produce and households consume (fx. refrigerators) contain ozone depleting substances like:
- chloroflurocarbons (CFCs)
- hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFCs)
To address and combat the problem arising from the substances, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplet the Ozone Layer was established. Under the Montreal protocol, countries which are party must control the production and consuption of Ozone-Depleting Substances(ODS). All parties are also expected to phase out all substances depleting the ozone layer.
Swaziland and the Montreal Protocol